Freshwater Crayfish 26(1): 9-16 (2021)
PEER REVIEWED RESEARCH ARTICLE
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Morphology and Weight-length Relationships for the First Six Instars of Cherax quadricarinatus (von Martens, 1868)
Published Online: 1/19/2021
Cherax quadricarinatus (redclaw) aquaculture has not achieved the industry growth that had been predicted in the early days of development. Provision of quality juvenile crayfish seed stock has been identified as a critical factor in overcoming industry development inertia. Hatchery technology has been developed to produce independent craylings and a nursery phase is now being developed to nurture the delicate craylings to a more advanced and robust juvenile stage, suitable for pond stocking. As part of the nursery development, clear definitions of the successive stages from egg through the first several instars, are required. Although some morphological descriptions of the early stages of redclaw have been made, the characteristics and nomenclature for stages from egg through to an advanced juvenile need clarification. A naming system is proposed (Egg, L1, L2, J1, J2 and J3) for the first six instars from egg, based on gross morphology and allometric relationships. Egg volume, wet weight and ocular carapace length (OCL) were analysed through linear regression. Based on these variables, the size of each instar is defined. Descriptions and photographs of the six instars provide a visual reference for identification. Five of the six instars had a significant relationship between wet weight and OCL. Both significantly increased for each successive instar. Lyophilized (dry) weight was not significantly different between stages until after instar J1, where endogenous feeding begins. The growth of the first four instars, in terms of wet weight and OCL but not dry weight, suggests an extra endogenous source of nutrition in addition to the yolk supply. Branchial water uptake during ecdysis has been proposed as a route for dissolved organic matter or small particulate matter to be acquired by the crayfish during the lecithotrophic, non-exogenous feeding stages, as an additional food source that might further enhance growth and survival.
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How to Cite
Rigg DP, Courtney RL, Jones CM and Seymour JE. (2021). Morphology and Weight-length Relationships for the First Six Instars of Cherax quadricarinatus (von Martens, 1868). Freshwater Crayfish 26(1):9-16. doi: 10.5869/fc.2021.v26-1.9
Damian P. Rigg, Aquaculture, James Cook University, PO Box 6811 , Cairns, Queensland, Australia4870. E-mail: email@example.com
Robert L. Courtney, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, PO Box 6811, Cairns, Queensland, Australia4870. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Jamie E. Seymour, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, PO Box 6811, Cairns, Queensland, Australia4870. E-mail: email@example.com
Clive M. Jones,* Aquaculture, James Cook University, PO Box 6811, Cairns, Queensland, Australia4870. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Corresponding Author indicated by an *.
Manuscript Submitted: 8/20/2020
Manuscript Accepted: 1/18/2021
Published Online: 1/19/2021
Published in Print: 4/15/2021
No specific funding statement is available for this article.