Issue Cover image

logo

Freshwater Crayfish 5(1): 71-85 (1983)

PEER REVIEWED    RESEARCH ARTICLE

Download: PDF (754 KB)

Acid toxicity and physiological responses to sub-lethal acid exposure in crayfish

McMahon BR and Morgan DO  e-mail link

Published Online:

Abstract

Although crayfish commonly inhabit water systems affected by acid precipitation relatively little is known of their tolerance or of their physiological responses. At least in acute (96 h) exposures, crayfish are substantially more acid (H2S04) tolerant than most fish species (LS50 for Procambarus clarki and Orconectes rusticus were pH 2.8 and 2.5 respectively). Physiological responses to sublethal exposure (4 days at ambient pH = 3.8) included the development of severe hemolymph acidosis. The acidosis was largely metabolic in origin and was associated with marked depression of hemolymph bicarbonate levels. This degree of acid exposure produced little disturbance of hemolymph Na+, CL-, K+, or MG++ ion levels. No increase in hemolymph SO4-2 resulted. Hemolymph Ca++ levels rose significantly suggesting that some invading H+ ions were being buffered by dissolution of exoskeletal or other carbonate stores. With the exception of the rise in Ca++ the physiological responses observed are qualitatively similar to those of trout tested at similar external Ca++ levels but the crayfish were exposed to substantially higher acid loads. The reasons for the greater tolerance of crayfish are not clear at this time.

Supplemental Documents

  • There are no supplementary documents for this article

CrossRef Logo

Cited By

Citations:

How to Cite

McMahon BR and Morgan DO. (1983). Acid toxicity and physiological responses to sub-lethal acid exposure in crayfish. Freshwater Crayfish 5(1):71-85. doi: 10.5869/fc.1983.v5.071

 

 

Author Information

Authorship information for this paper are currently unavailable.

 

Publication History

   Manuscript Submitted:

   Manuscript Accepted:

   Published Online:

   Published in Print:

 

 

Funding Information

No specific funding statement is available for this article.

 

 



 

 

 

Member Login

Forgot Your Password?

Recover PW

Enter the e-mail address you used to
create your IAA account.
Return to Login
Back to Top