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Freshwater Crayfish 21(1): 17-32 (2015)

PEER REVIEWED    RESEARCH ARTICLE

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New crayfish species records from the Sipsey Fork drainage, including Lewis Smith Reservoir (Alabama, USA): Native or introduced species?

Adams SB, Roghair C, Krause C, Warren Jr. ML, Cochran JA, Dolloff A, Moran J, McGregor SW, Schuster GA, Gangloff M, DeVries DR, Kendrick MR, Grove GL and Wright RA  e-mail link

Published Online: 12/31/2015

Abstract

As part of a study of aquatic faunal community changes along riverine-lacustrine transition zones upstream of Lewis Smith Reservoir in northwest Alabama, USA, we collected crayfish from 60 sites in the Sipsey Fork, Brushy Creek, and selected tributaries (Black Warrior River system). After finding two unexpected and possibly-introduced crayfish species, we expanded our investigation of crayfish distributions to include crayfish obtained from stomachs of black bass (Micropterus spp.) caught at seven sites in the reservoir. To explore what crayfish species were in the drainage historically, we examined museum databases as well as stomach and intestinal contents of a variety of preserved fishes that were caught in the Sipsey Fork and Brushy Creek drainages upstream of the reservoir in the early 1990’s. Of the seven crayfish species collected, one, Orconectes (Procericambarus) sp. nr ronaldi, was not previously reported from Alabama, and another, O. lancifer, was not reported from the Black Warrior River system prior to the study. Three are known or possibly introduced species. Upstream of the reservoir, the native species Cambarus obstipus, C. striatus, and O. validus were common. The same three species were found in fish collected in the 1990’s. Orconectes perfectus was found only in the reservoir but may be native to the drainage. Orconectes lancifer was in the reservoir and in stream reaches influenced by the reservoir. Evidence points to O. lancifer being introduced in the drainage, but this is uncertain. Orconectes sp. nr ronaldi was found in a relatively small portion of Brushy Creek and its tributaries, in both flowing and impounded habitats, and may be introduced. Orconectes virilis is introduced in Alabama and was found only in stomachs of fish collected in the reservoir.

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How to Cite

Adams SB, Roghair C, Krause C, Warren Jr. ML, Cochran JA, Dolloff A, Moran J, McGregor SW, Schuster GA, Gangloff M, DeVries DR, Kendrick MR, Grove GL and Wright RA. (2015). New crayfish species records from the Sipsey Fork drainage, including Lewis Smith Reservoir (Alabama, USA): Native or introduced species?. Freshwater Crayfish 21(1):17-32. doi: 10.5869/fc.2015.v21-1.17

 

 

Author Information

Susan B. Adams,* Southern Research Station; Center for Bottomland Hardwoods Research, USDA Forest Service, 1000, Front St.,Oxford, MS, USA38655. E-mail: sadams01@fs.fed.us

Craig  Roghair, Southern Research Station, Stream Biota and Habitat Team, USDA Forest Service, 1710 Research Center Dr., Blacksburg, VA, USA24060. E-mail: croghair@fs.fed.us

Colin  Krause, Southern Research Station, Stream Biota and Habitat Team, USDA Forest Service, 1710 Research Center Dr., Blacksburg, VA, USA24060. E-mail: ckrause@fs.fed.us

Melvin L. Warren Jr.. , Southern Research Station, Center for Bottomland Hardwoods Research, USDA Forest Service, 1000 Front St., Oxford, MS, USA38655. E-mail: mwarren01@fs.fed.us

J A. Cochran, National Forests in Alabama, Bankhead National Forest, USDA Forest Service, PO Box 278, Double Springs, AL, USA35553. E-mail: jacochran@fs.fed.us

Andy  Dolloff, Southern Research Station, Stream Biota and Habitat Team, USDA Forest Service, 1710 Research Center Dr., Blacksburg, VA, USA24060. E-mail: adolloff@fs.fed.us

John  Moran, National Forests in Alabama, USDA Forest Service, 2946 Chestnut St., Montgomery, AL, USA36107. E-mail: jmoran@fs.fed.us

Stuart W. McGregor, Ecosystems Investigations Program, Geological Survey of Alabama, 420 Hackberry Ln., Tuscaloosa, AL, USA35486. E-mail: smcgregor@gsa.state.al.us

Guenter A. Schuster, Department of Biological Sciences, Eastern Kentucky University, 224 Primrose Circle, Richmond, KY, USA40475. E-mail: Guenter.Schuster@EKU.edu

Michael  Gangloff, Biology Department, Appalachian State University, 572 Rivers St., Boone, NC, USA28608. E-mail: gangloffmm@appstate.edu

Dennis R. DeVries, School of Fisheries, Aquaculture & Aquatic Sciences, Auburn University, 201 Swingle Hall, Auburn, Alabama, USA36849. E-mail: devridr@auburn.edu

Michael R. Kendrick, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, Box 870206, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA35487. E-mail: kendrickmr@gmail.com

G Lee  Grove Jr.. , School of Fisheries, Aquaculture & Aquatic Sciences, Auburn University, 201 Swingle Hall, Auburn, Alabama, USA36849. E-mail: grovegl@auburn.edu

Russell A. Wright, School of Fisheries, Aquaculture & Aquatic Sciences, Auburn University, 201 Swingle Hall, Auburn, Alabama, USA36849. E-mail: wrighr2@auburn.edu

Corresponding Author indicated by an *.

 

Publication History

   Manuscript Submitted: 6/10/2015

   Manuscript Accepted: 12/7/2015

   Published Online: 12/31/2015

   Published in Print: 12/31/2015

 

 

Funding Information

No specific funding statement is available for this article.

 

 



 

 

 

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